Baco – 5 Years On

By / Magazine / July 6th, 2013 / 3

What I’m about to admit may not make me a popular guy with certain wine fans and some winery owners: I loathe Baco Noir, so much so that five years ago I willed myself to try every Baco in the province. And being a sadomasochist I took a bunch of folks along with me for the ride. Now, before you start writing your hate mail and defence-of-the-dark-art-of-Baco-Noir reprimands, let me tell you the rest of the story — starting from the top.

In late 2006 I found myself at a winemakers’ dinner with a number of my colleagues. We were looking at the menu, and one of the wines featured during the main course was a Baco Noir. Our debate began as to whether or not Baco was a suitable grape to make “fine wine” or whether it should be ripped out of the ground with extreme prejudice. One of my colleagues piped up with the following comment: “I don’t like young Baco, but give it five years and it can be something really good.” That got me thinking. First, that I should assemble a group of wine lovers to evaluate Ontario Baco Noirs to see which camp people fell into; and second, that I should take whatever wine is left over and lie it down for the aforementioned five years and see what happens to it. Does Baco get better with age, as my colleague suggests, or is it tough at any age?
Over the years I have found that when most people talk about liking Baco Noir they’re usually referring to one producer, Henry of Pelham (HoP), who have long made this grape the flagship of their operation. Daniel Speck, VP Sales and Marketing at HoP, likens it to California’s own dark horse grape, Zinfandel. Being a Zinfandel fan myself, I don’t drink the same Kool-Aid as Daniel. But I have never told him that, until now.

Before we continue it is best that I give you a little background about Baco Noir: it was discovered, or better yet, created by François Baco, a Frenchman, who crossed Folle Blanche with an unspecified variety of vitis riparia (indigenous North American grape) in 1894. At one time it was planted in Burgundy, Anjou and Landes. It is known as a French hybrid, and was created as a high yielding, phylloxera-resistant varietal to be grown during a time when European grapes were struggling against the foreign-born louse.

Over the years of tasting Ontario wines I have discovered there are actually three wonderful Baco producers, and thankfully each region has their proponent: Henry of Pelham in Niagara, Sandbanks in Prince Edward County and Sanson in the Lake Erie, North Shore. But let’s get back to what officially became known as the “Baco Challenge.”

It kicked off in February 2007. Over the course of four nights, the challenge included 36 wines poured in three different categories: Baco (two nights), Baco blends and Baco reserves (one night apiece). Members of the public were invited to pay for the privilege of a blind sit-down tasting, and to cast their votes for the best. The event was held in the rustic confines of the barrel cellar at Southbrook Farm and Winery, when they were located in Richmond Hill. We quantified the Baco by having them score the wines on a scale of 1 to 10 in three categories: 1) Do you like it and 2) Would you buy it (both blind tasted), and finally, once the price of the wine was revealed, 3) Is it good value? In 2007, the top five Baco Noirs were: Peller Estates Private Reserve 2004; Hernder Estate Baco Noir 2002; Sandbanks Estate Reserve 2005; Vineland Baco Noir 2005; and Peller Estates Baco Noir 2005.

Fast-forward five years. The leftover wines, 19 of them, have been languishing in a wine cellar. I approached the king of Baco himself, Daniel Speck, to see if he would be interested in tasting the wines with me. Not only did he say yes, but he offered up his winery as a tasting venue. The night before the tasting I delivered the wines, which were unpacked and covered so that nobody attending would know the identity of the wines (including myself).

Sitting around the table were three winery principals, including a winemaker who told me, “I feel like a hypocrite, because I am not a big fan of Baco. But I do love aged hybrids.” Then there were six members of the public, including four who were at the Baco Challenge back in 2007, and one, Jason Alger, who attended all four nights back in 2007.

As we tasted the wines many questions were posed to Daniel about Baco Noir regarding how it grows and what makes it ageable. He responded,

“Baco Noir is an early ripening grape that produces deep colour, big flavours, little tannin and high acidity. It is winter hardy and very disease resistant. Given these qualities it is no surprise that in wine regions with a compact and intense growing season, such as Burgundy’s, Baco Noir became popular post-phylloxera. It also explains why other cool climate growing regions like Oregon and Niagara have embraced Baco Noir, leading to wine critics like Matt Kramer identifying it as one of the most underrated red wine grapes — not to mention positive praise from the likes of Hugh Johnson, [just] to mention two.

With Baco’s acidity and pH rivalling that of Riesling, the specific goal of any serious producer is to balance that acidity with fruit ripeness. [Thus giving it a chance to age gracefully].

Baco’s single biggest challenge is that it is typically cropped at yields twice as high as they should be to produce quality wine. Various incentives encourage this [note: Ontario’s grape pricing policy, by the ton, does not promote quality grape growing with high yielding vines such as Baco], but the net effect is that the grape variety doesn’t get properly represented by many of the offerings available.”

It would also seem that Daniel now compares Baco to another “in” grape. A few years ago it was Zinfandel, but today: “As Ontario’s answer to Malbec, consumers here and abroad (we sell Baco in California, New York, Japan, China and even Paris) are accepting Baco Noir, the king of all grapes.”

Meanwhile, the tasters went about their business scoring these wines and making their notes.

As for the results of the five-year retrospect tasting, it is interesting to note that two of the top five wines from 2007 also made an appearance in the top five in 2012. It is also worth noting that some very low-rated wines in 2007, such as Featherstone’s Gemstone 2004 and Smith & Wilson’s Buckhorn Noir 2005, cracked the top six. Referring to the Featherstone wine in 2007, some tasters called it “plonk, a bit sour and slightly smoky.” Five years later it became “plummy with black cherry, leather and tobacco aromas backed up on the palate with good acidity and a fruity finish.”

The wine that tied for first in 2012 was rated middle of the pack in 2007 (21st spot). Back then it was, “a little too sharp,” “tangy,” and “just okay;” given five years it has become “sweet tea, floral, wood spice and red fruited on the nose with a rich texture on the palate; nice acid tannin balance. This one has aged well!”

The other top wine, Vineland Estates Baco Noir 2005, was seventh five years ago, and now: “Mature nose with cooked strawberry jam, fruit is dominant on the palate with a lingering finish that is very nice.”

The other wines that ranked in the top five at the 2012 tasting (with their placing in 2005 in parenthesis beside): Rockway Glen Estate Baco Noir 2005, Hernder Estate Baco Noir 2002, Henry of Pelham Cabernet/Baco 2004, and Smith & Wilson Estate Buckhorn Noir 2005.

Most people in attendance were impressed with a majority of the wines, none more so than the man who had been there for all the tastings back in 2007: “I thought this was a fun tasting,” said Alger, “and to see it come full circle was quite interesting. More people should be tasting older Ontario wines.”

There was also some excitement around the idea that a grape like the lowly Baco Noir could age, and age so well, over the course of five years. “They always say we drink our wines too young,” said Fred Couch, a member of the 2007 tasting club. “This really shows what age can do to a wine. Some got better, and some did not benefit at all from the extra aging in bottle. But it was interesting to taste what happens over time. I have to be honest, I never really thought about aging Baco, especially the five-year theory, which is what really interested me about coming back.”

But the final word should go to the man that knows Baco best, Daniel Speck: “This was a fun exercise … Many of the wines were from the 2004 vintage, which was not generally a strong year in Ontario regardless of variety (with some exceptions). And many of the wines were $10-ish, wines that weren’t likely ever intended to age … still, I was pleased with how many of the wines aged nonetheless.”

Am I a convert to the cult of Baco Noir after this exercise? No, but I am a little closer to understanding why it does have such a following and why some growers and winemakers continue to play in the Baco sandbox. Fad grapes will come and go, but according to the Baco kings of Ontario, it will always remain near and dear to their hearts, as they continue to win over Canadian wine lovers. One thing’s for certain: it is a grape we can call our own.


Michael is an award-winning journalist: Promoting the Promoters Award Cuvée 2010 and Ontario Wine Awards Journalist of the Year 2012.  He is also a national and international wine judge - Ontario Wine Awards, All Canadian Wine Championships; Best of Riesling — Germany; Essencia do Vinho — "Top Wines of Portugal".  He is currently the President of the Wine Writers Circle of Canada and the wine columnist for Ottawa Life and Grand magazine as well as regular contributor to Tidings, and Grapevine ... his reviews have also appeared in the LCBO Vintages magazine. Michael has also added a YouTube channel to his activities where he reviews bottles of great Ontario wine on a weekly basis. In whatever he does, it is Michael’s desire to educate, inspire and encourage others to grow their own love and enthusiasm for wine – and to realize that it is their palate that ultimately makes the decision.

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